Ankle Articulations > Kinesiology > Articulations > Joint


Plantar Flexion

'Extension' of the ankle resulting in the forefoot moving away from the body.
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Soleus
  • Plantaris
  • Tibialis posterior
  • Flexor hallucis posterior
  • Flexor digitorium longus
Ankle Plantar Flexion

Dorsal Flexion

Flexion of the ankle resulting in the top of the foot moving toward the body. See dorsiflexion inflexibility.
  • Tibialis anterior
  • Extension digitorum longus
  • Extensor hallucis longus
  • Peroneus tertius
Ankle Dorsal Flexion


When the ankle is plantar flexed, some rotation, abduction, and adduction is possible. See Foot for intertarsal joints. Mentioned articulations occur during concentric phase of exercise video examples.

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