Muscular Activity

(Published 1906)

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A. The Ministry Of Muscular Activity To The Body As A Whole
1. The Present Use of the Term "Muscular Activity."
2. The Physiological Effects of Muscular Activity and their Hygienic Value.
3. Muscular Activity a Necessity for All.
4. The Conservation of the Enjoyment of Muscular Activity.
5. General Character of the Most Useful Exercises.
6. Exercise for Women.
B. General Muscular Exercise
7. Considerations Concerning Fatigue.
8. Some Examples of General Exercises: Cycling.
9. Some Examples of General Exercises: Games.
10. Importance of Walking as a Means of Exercise.
11. Fresh Air not a Substitute for Muscular Activity.
C. Muscular Exercises For Special Purposes. Corrective Work. The Gymnasium
12. The Shape or "Figure" of the Body.
13. Round Shoulders as a Type of Faulty Carriage. Their Cause.
14. The Period of Growth Especially Favorable for the Acquisition of Round Shoulders and Other Deformities.
15. Education of the Consciousness of Correct Posture.
16. The More Important Faults of Form and Carriage.
17. Special Exercise for the Training of Nervous Coordination.
18. Balance Exercises.
19. The Gymnasium as a Means of General Muscular Exercise.
20. Hygienic Value of Corrective Work.


Hough T & Sedgwick WT (1906). Muscular Activity (Chapter XVII), The Human Mechanism Its Physiology and Hygiene and The Sanitation Of Its Surroundings, Ginn & Company, pgs 305-333.


Theodore Hough
Professor of Physiology in the University of Virginia; sometime Instructor in Personal Hygiene, Boston Normal School of Gymnastics

William T. Sedgwick
Professor of Biology in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Author of" Principles of Sanitary Science and Public Health," etc.


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