The standards (not norms) presented in the linked tables below
represent a performance (in pounds) that can be reasonably expected
of an adult athlete at various levels of training advancement
using standard full range-of-motion barbell exercises with no
supportive wraps or suits.
In the tables linked above, the term:
- Expected level of strength in a healthy individual who has
not trained on the exercise before but can performit correctly.
This represents the minimum level of strength required to maintain
a reasonable quality of life in a sedentary individual.
- A person training regularly for a period of 3-9 months.
This strength level supports the demands of vigorous recreational
- A person who has engaged in regular training for up to two
years. The intermediate level indicates some degree of specialization
in the exercises and a high level of performance at the recreational
An individual with multi-year training experience with definite
goals in the higher levels of competitive athletics.
- Refers specifically to athletes competing in strength sports.
Less than 1% of the weight training population will attain this
Submaximum loads may be used to estimate one rep maximum values
using the One Rep Max
Tables for the basic barbell exercises were developed from:
- definitions in "Practical Programming" by Kilgore,
Rippetoe, and Pendlay (Available Oct 2006 at the ExRx.net
- the experience and judgment of the authors,
- the exercise techniques described and illustrated in Starting Strength
by Rippetoe and Kilgore, and
- published performance standards for the sports of powerlifting
Used by permission from Dr.
Lon Kilgore, PhD
- Professor of kinesiology at Midwestern State University
- Former national weightlifting champion
- Director of the MSU Strength Research Laboratory & USA
Weightlifting Regional Development Center
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