Bodybuilding Literature Overview

Study Subjects Study Duration Calories Drugs Dosage Comments
Hurley (1984) 8 bodybuilders 4 powerlifters 20% protein 30-35% carb 45-50% fat 6 types of AAS Testosterone. HCG 476 mg/wk (57 mg/wk to 1376 mg/wk)
Alen, et. al. (1985) 3 bodybuilders 1 powerlifter 1 wrestler 26 weeks 15400 kJ; protein intake at 2.3 g/kg 3 types of AAS Testosterone Preparation .22 mg/kg/day to .37 mg/kg/day Four subjects developed gynecomastia
Hickson (1990) 1 male bodybuilder 26 days 1769 to 3285 kcal 6 types of AAS HCG, and diuretics Precompetition Calcium & Zinc intake low
Kleiner (1990) 19 men, 8 women: Jr USA BB Champions. Questionnaires, interviews, diet records 2015 ±1060 kcal; 33.5% Protein (men) Various AAS, diuretics, laxatives Precompetition Calcium & Zinc intake low
Kliener (1989) 5739 ±2500 kcal (2451 -19760 kcal)
Faber, Benade´, & van Eck (1986) 17,333 kilojoules (4127 kcal)
Bazzarre et. al. (1990) 19 male and 8 female; USA BB Champions 2015 ±1060 kcal; 34 ±12% Protein (men) Precompetition Calcium & Zinc intake low
Sandoval (1989) 5 male and 6 female bodybuilders 2347 ±220 kcalories; 34% Protein Various AAS Precompetion Calcium intake low

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