US Food Guidelines Based on Currupt Research
1960 documents reveal that the sugar industry paid Harvard scientists to publish a literature review in the New England Journal of Medicine minimizing the link between sugar and heart disease and instead blamed saturated fat and cholesterol as the main culprit for heart disease. The Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) set the review's objective, contributed articles for inclusion, and received drafts. However, the SRF's funding and role was not disclosed.
Kearns CE, Schmidt LA, Glantz SA (Nov 2016). Sugar Industry and Coronary Heart Disease Research: A Historical Analysis of Internal Industry Documents. JAMA Intern Med. 176(11):1680-1685.
Warnings Regarding Dietary Goals
...the value of dietary change remains controversial [and] science cannot at this time ensure that an altered diet will provide improved protection from certain killer diseases such as heart disease and cancer.
Charles H Percy, Member of the Senate Select Committee of Nutrition and Human Needs, Foreword to the Second Edition of Dietary Goals for the United States, 1977.
American Government Experiment
What right has the federal government to propose that the American people conduct a vast nutritional experiment, with themselves as subject, on the strength of so very little evidence?
Phillip Handles, President of the National Academy of Sciences, Congressional testimony in response to Dietary Goals for the United States, 1980.
USDA Food Group Recommendations (2005)
- Fruits: 2 cups of a variety of fresh, frozen, canned, or dried fruits. Limit juice consumption.
- Vegetables: More dark green and orange veggies. Eat more beans and peas.
- Calcium rich foods: 3 cups of low or fat free milk or calcium rich foods.
- Grains: At least 3 ounces of whole grains.
- Protein foods: Choose lean meats and poultry. Vary choices with more fish, beans, peas, nuts, and seeds.
USDA (2005) Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
The USDA Guidelines have always been influenced by political pressures shaped by interest groups representing the various food industries. Marion Nestle, PhD, explains:
Prior to 2005, the committee wrote the guidelines. I was on the 1995 committee and we drafted guidelines that the agencies hardly touched. The guidelines have always been subject to political pressures, but with the agencies writing them, expect even more.
Nestle M (2010). The 2010 Dietary Guidelines: some hints at what they might say. FoodPolitics.com.
Genetically Modified Foods
Monsanto should not have to vouchsafe the safety of biotech food, our interest in in selling as much as possible. Assuring its safety is the FDA's job.
Phil Angell, Monsanto's director of corporate communications, quoted in the New York Times, October 25, 1998
Ultimately, it is the food producer who is responsible for assuring safety.
FDA Statement of Policy: Foods Derived from New Plant Varieties”, (GMO Policy), Federal Register, Vol. 57, No. 104 (1992), p. 22991
See controversy surrounding:
Also see videos
- The Limits of Scientific Evidence and the Ethics of Dietary Guidelines (video seminar)
- Do current dietary recommendations do even more harm than good? See Cholesterol and Dietary Recommendation (debate on video).
- Challenging Beliefs (video seminar)